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35087Yhd219 Counterfeiting God: Black- & Whitemail

Q&@
NOW THAT
WE HAVE A BETTER UNDERSTANDING OF RELIGION,
WE CAN GO BACK TO EXAMINING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN
RELIGION AND SCIENCE!

There are two extreme interpretations
for this relationship? One view says that science & religion
are like sworn enemies, & that modern history was shaped by the life-&-death-struggle of scientific knowledge
against religious superstition. In time, the light of science dispelled the darkness of religion, and the world
became increasingly secular, rational & prosperous. However, though some scientific findings certainly under-
mine religious dogmas, this is not inevitable. For example, Muslim dogma holds that Islam was founded by the
Prophet Muhammad in 7th-century Arabia, & there is
ample scientific evidence supporting this.

More importantly,
science always needs religious assistance in order to create
viable human institutions.

Scientists study how the world functions,
but there is no scientific method for determining how humans ought
to behave? Science tells us that humans cannot survive without oxygen! However, is it okay to execute
criminals by asphyxiation? Science doesn't know how to answer such a question. Only religions provide us
with the necessary guidance. Hence every practical project scientists undertake
also relies on religious in-
sights!

Take, for instance, the construction
of the Three Gorges Dam on the Yangtze River? When the Chinese
government decided in 1992 to build the dam, psysicists could calculate what pressures the dam would have
to withstand, economists could forecast how much money it would probably cost, while electrical engineers
could predict how much electricity it would produce! However the government needed to take additional
factors into account. Building the dam flooded more than 600 square kilometers containing many villages
and towns, thousands of archeological sites,
& unique landscapes & habitats.
More than
1 million people were also displaced
& hundreds of species were endangered. It seems that the dam
directly caused the extinction of the Chinese
river dolphin.
No matter what
you personally think about the Three Gorges Dam,
it is clear that its construction wàs
an ethical rather than a
purely scientific
issue...